While you are at it, check out some Bill Frisell. He is a master of texture and mood. He has great command of common tone relationships. I have listed some essential Bill Frisell recordings below.
The Raw Material
A Diatonic C major Scale harmonized in 3rds:
The I Chord, iii chord and vi chord
OK, Lets take a closer look at the 1 chord (C Major7) and see what the common tone substitutions are for it.
So, if we see a CMajor 7 written, we can play a Eminor7 (which sounds like a CMajor9 against a C Root), or play an Aminor7 (which sounds like a Cmajor6 against a C Root). Got it? You can see that a Cmajor7 and a Eminor7 share 3 of the 4 notes in the chord….thus…..common tone substitution.
The ii Chord and the iv chord
You may wonder why I don’t include the vii chord which has a common tone relationship to the ii chord. The reason is that the vii chord is also common tone with the V7 chord when used, will imply this chord. It can be used freely in a modal situation, but in straight ahead tunes, you should be aware of this implication.
The V Chord and the vii chord
Again, the iii chord can also be considered a substitution, but remember this also implies a Imaj7 chord. Just something to be aware of.
251 Examples Using Common-Tone Subs
Essential Bill Frisell Listening
- Ghost Town
- Good Dog Happy Man
- Gone Just Like a Train
- Have a Little Faith
- Bill Frisell with Dave Holland and Elvin Jones
- Bill Frisell Ron Carter Paul Motian
- Where in the World
Mel Bay Mel Bay’s Complete Book of Harmony, Theory & Voicing for Guitar: I have had this book for a while now. Every time I open it I learn something new. 3 thumbs up
Mel Bay Complete Book of Harmonic Extensions for Guitar: This works in conjunction with the Complete Book of Harmony, Theory & Voicing. Great examples of the concepts. Wouldn’t think of having one without the other.
Chord Chemistry: The late great Ted Greene! His books full of information. I have had the Chord Chemistry book for at least 20 years. It is filled with treasures and I will probably be referring to it for another 20. A Classic.